NIH grantees need to demonstrate compliance with the Public Access Policy when submitting an application, proposal, or progress report to the NIH. Grantees should include the PubMed Central (PMC) reference number for each paper that was accepted for publication after April 7, 2008 and was authored or co-authored by the applicant or arose from their NIH award.
Articles arising from NIH funds accepted for publication after April 7, 2008 must be submitted to PubMed Central (PMC) upon acceptance. They must be made publicly available no more than 12 months after appearing in a peer-reviewed journal.
NIH Notice NOT-OD-12-160, released 11/16/2012:
"With this Notice, NIH informs grantees that in Spring, 2013, at the earliest, NIH will delay processing of non-competing continuation grant awards if publications arising from that award are not in compliance with the NIH public access policy. The award will not be processed until recipients have demonstrated compliance. This change will take effect in tandem with NIH requiring the use of the Research Performance Progress Report (RPPRs) for all Streamlined Non-competing Award Process (SNAP) and Fellowship awards in the Spring of 2013 (see NIH NOT-OD-12-142)."